When you have good eyesight, it might be confusing getting a recommendation by your diabetes doctor to go for an eye check-up. Who needs that? However, most eye diseases develop and distort your vision even before the symptoms become apparent. For a diabetes patient, it’s even more critical to go to an exam since the disease affects your eyes too.

Definitely, no one can underestimate the importance of good eyesight. That is why you should take precaution with or without symptoms. With diabetes increasing your risks for eye diseases such as cataracts, glaucoma, and retinopathy, it is critical for a checkup. When caught early, these eye conditions impact will be suppressed.

Essentially, the core concern for people with diabetes is diabetic retinopathy. It mostly affects people with type 1 diabetes but anyone with the disease is vulnerable to it.

Diabetic retinopathy is a condition that damages the blood vessels in your retina. This happens when there’s excess sugar in your blood. When this condition is not diagnosed early, your vision will become blurry and eventually lose sight.

But it doesn’t have to go that far. The most effective way to deal with this is early detection then prompt treatment. You really have nothing to lose; besides, the procedures are painless and only involve screening. If you are feeling nervous or just want to be informed, here is what you should expect in diabetic eye exams.

Types of specialists you might see

You will be required to see an Ophthalmologist, who is a specialist in eye health. They will study your eye by doing a dilated exam, check for signs of any damage caused by diabetes. If any is found, they will prescribe your treatment.

You might also be required to visit an optometrist, this is a professional who specializes in visual defects and will prescribe corrective lenses. They can do an examination but not treat it. Opticians are the most common specialist who only fit corrective lenses. Chances are, you may be required to only see one of them.

Medical history assessment

Just like any medical assessment, you’ll be required to answer or fill some form about your medical history. Since you’re diabetic, you may be required to know the list of your medication. Simply write them down before leaving for the hospital. Ensure you don’t leave any of them out. It is also important for you to know your blood sugar levels. The specialist will use the information to analyze your eye health. If you’re already wearing glasses, they will be checked to know the previous prescription and see whether there’s a change.

Eye-check up

After background information has been established, you will start the eye exam. A comprehensive eye checkup will involve refraction assessment, visual acuity, and visual field test. Visual acuity is all about how well you can see. This will be determined by measuring the size of letters you can read from an eye chart from a distance. If there’s a letter you can’t read, then it means the image is being focused in front or behind instead of in front of the retina. This is where refraction comes in and will help the doctor prescribe the right lenses.

They say prevention is better than cure, that couldn’t be far from the truth.